The Carpet Loom is used, and the vertical strings are tied from the top to the bottom of the loom.The horizontal strings are tied from the left to the right side after each lines of the knots.The horizontal strings may be between 1 to 5 times after each lines of the knots to make the carpet more strong and lasting.
1-Turkish Knot (Gördes),Double knot (The most strong method)-(See the pictures bottom)
2-Iran Knot (Sena), Single knot(Like a machine made but more showy)-(See the pictures bottom)
3-Caucasian Knot (Like Turkish Knot),Double Knot (Like Turkish style but some knots are mixed method)
It is consist of vertical and horizontal strings only, and made with the loops at the changing of the colors area.(See the pictures bottom)
Soumaks are kilim plus hand-embroidered. It means that first kilim is made one line then hand-embroidered themes on it.(See the pictures bottom)
There are their handmade and machine made. Handmade is unique version of course.For instance, there is a kind of cover which is very famous and called SUZANI.(See the pictures bottom) They usually come from Uzbekistan. The women are wove them before they got married as a gift to their husband.They start to weave them by they are about 6-8 years old. Suzani is consist of two layers,first base second handmade themes. Suzani has 2 kind of materials and combinations of methods to make it.
1-Silk (Base) + Silk
2-Cotton (Base) + Cotton
3-Cotton (Base) + Silk
This category is consist of two groups. (See the pictures bottom)
1-3 methods are together.
As an example: the Turkish rug 'Bahtiyar' is made using three methods. It has carpet, kilim and soumak side on it.
2-2 methods are together.
a-Carpet + Soumak is made sometimes with Afghanistan rugs.(You can see more carpet system on it).
b-Carpet + Kilim is made and you can see more carpet themes and methods.
c-Soumak + Kilim is made and you can see about % 80 soumak style on them.